Indianapolis Indiana History

The Indiana Historical Society has been publishing documents for Hoosiers since its inception in the early 20th century. It contains information about the history of the Indiana State Capitol, the state of Indiana and Indiana's history in general.

Even the buildings themselves are steeped in the history and culture of Indiana; many have roots in the past, many are known by their name, and many of them are comparatively new. In 1999, Indianapolis was officially designated a National Historic Landmark, the first of its kind in North America. Each of the state's 92 counties is represented on its fully built outer walls, with the exception of Indianapolis.

In addition to Indianapolis being designated the seat of government, the construction of the Central Canal in the mid-19th century and the creation of Michigan Road helped make Indianapolis an early agricultural center. The Central Canal was to be 476 km long and connect the Wabash River with the White River at Logansport, Indiana. It was to pass through Indianapolis before continuing south to Evansville, Indiana. Michigan Road became the main road connecting Indianapolis and Michigan City, Michigan, a city on the western edge of Indiana's Great Lakes.

After Congress established the Hoosier State in 1816, the Indiana General Assembly saw an opportunity to move the capital from southern India to a more centralized location. The legislature, which approved the site in 1821, chose a site at the intersection of the Michigan and Wabash rivers in the city of Indianapolis. Although Michigan was US territory at the time, roads on the original Platt were named after states that belonged to the United States when Indianapolis was originally planned, such as Indiana, Michigan and Ohio.

Four years later, when the state legislature first met, there was a street in Indianapolis with 600 residents. In 1821, Indianapolis became the capital of the reconfigured Marion County, and in 1922 Stephenson was named the first Grand Dragon or Grand Master of a Klan organization in Indiana. The Indiana Klan headquarters was immediately moved to Indianapolis, which had already been under the influence of the Klan. Indianapolis was relocated in 1924, when Robert E. Lee, a former Klan leader, was named the "Great Dragon" of 23 states.

The Indianapolis gymnastics community (1851 - Turners) merged with other German clubs and became known as the Indianapolis Social Gymnastics Club. Indianapolis had a morning newspaper that appeared seven days a week, and in 1854 she switched her support from the Whigs to the Republicans to help organize the state Republican Party. The Indianapolis Journal was renamed the "Indianapolis Daily Journal" 1854 And later, "The Indiana Journal of the United States of America."

This pretty, ornate building is located just half a mile from downtown Indianapolis and is home to year-round activity. It has created a living, breathing thing from Indianapolis history and it is home to the Discovery Center, located in the heart of downtown, just a few blocks from the Indianapolis Museum of Natural History. This is in the former capital city shortly after Indiana became a state, where one of the first public libraries in Indiana, the Indiana State Library, was located.

The Capitol was opened as a state monument in the 1930s and is one of Indiana's designated historic landmarks. Indiana is known as the intersection of America and we pass six interstate highways that run through the city. The National Road eventually passes through Indiana and Illinois, and if you are curious and want to stop for a snapshot, the official National Road marker is just a few blocks from the Capitol.

The Benjamin Harrison Presidential Site is just blocks from the Indianapolis Museum of Art and Indiana State Capitol. History buffs can enjoy a guided tour of the historic site and a visit to the Oldfield Museum. The Oldfields are located on the site of Indianapolis's Museum of Art and must-see tours of Indiana's historic sites. Visit Indiana's first capital, Corydon, to learn about this period, and there's even a museum near the state Capitol.

In 1842, Franklin College became the third institution in the nation to admit women, and Indianapolis was the epicenter of the Hoosier School. Until Indiana State University opened in 1869, a few years after Franklin's inauguration, there were no major colleges of fine arts in Indiana.

The Madison - Indianapolis Railroad came in the year of Indianapolis' incorporation as a city, followed by seven other major railroad lines that gave the city access to the Ohio River. Founded in 1834, the State Bank of Indiana established its first 16 branches in Indianapolis, but its charter expired in 1858, and the $1.3 million the state legislature provided to build the first of its 16 branches in Indiana arrived in Indianapolis in 1863. In 1864, it established itself as one of the largest banks in the United States with assets of more than $2 billion. When Indiana University Medical Center in 1956 led the Indianapolis Redevelopment Commission to declare a nearly 38-acre neighborhood derelict and inferior, the pace accelerated.

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